标签: 耶稣

Confronting the Jesus Seminar

An Assignment for NT 5000: Introduction to New Testament

History, especially the lost pieces in the history are always very attractive to modern people. Due to the increasing audience of online media and Social Network, it’s becoming easier nowadays for scholars and even normal people to publish and announce their challenges or new findings against traditional history. I used to laugh at the Moon Landing Conspiracy Theories which claims that some or all elements of the Apollo program and the associated Moon landings were hoaxes staged by NASA. But when I got opportunity to look into their arguments, I found that they established a very logical expound based on questionable assumptions. [1] It’s also true in the field of theology. A group 150 critical scholars and laymen founded the Jesus Seminar in 1985. The seminar uses votes with colored beads to decide their collective view of the historicity of the deeds and sayings of Jesus. They mainly published their findings in three reports: The Five Gospels (1993), The Acts of Jesus (1998), and The Gospel of Jesus (1999).

The research approach used by Jesus Seminar is very different from traditional Christian faith. They deny the supernatural events described in the Scripture, and they leverage higher criticism to decide what parts of narratives in the Scripture are true and what parts are doubtful. They use four colors to mark all the words attributed to Jesus gospels, indicating the probability of whether they are truly from Jesus or not. According to this approach, only fifteen sayings are colored red (meaning “Jesus undoubtedly said this”) in all of the Gospels put together.[2] The Jesus Seminar is not solely doing the historical research; they are opening the door of challenging the canonization of the Scripture.

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洗脚的故事

约翰福音13:3~15

耶稣知道父已将万有交在他手里,且知道自己是从神出来的,又要归到神那里去,就离席站起来脱了衣服,拿一条手巾束腰。随后把水倒在盆里,就洗门徒的脚,并用自己所束的手巾擦乾。挨到西门彼得,彼得对他说,主阿,你洗我的脚吗。耶稣回答说,我所作的,你如今不知道,后来必明白。彼得说,你永不可洗我的脚。耶稣说,我若不洗你,你就与我无分了。西门彼得说,主阿,不但我的脚,连手和头也要洗。耶稣说,凡洗过澡的人,只要把脚一洗,全身就乾净了。你们是乾净的,然而不都是乾净的。耶稣原知道要卖他的是谁,所以说,你们不都是乾净的。耶稣洗完了他们的脚,就穿上衣服,又坐下,对他们说,我向你们所作的,你们明白吗。你们称呼我夫子,称呼我主,你们说的不错。我本来是。我是你们的主,你们的夫子,尚且洗你们的脚,你们也当彼此洗脚。我给你们作了榜样,叫你们照着我向你们所作的去作。

思想那天晚上发生的前所未有的事情——万王之王,宇宙和世界的创造主,脱了衣服,用手巾束在腰上,给门徒一个一个的洗脚和擦干。很稀奇圣经的作者把这件事情描写的如此细腻,包括了每一个细节的动作和用到的每一个器具。约翰是一个惜墨如金的人,从“太初有道”这句话就看的出来。神要约翰这样写到底是何用意?我不知道,我只知道这节经文十分的重要,它不仅仅是嘱咐我们要彼此服侍,更要我们效法耶稣的服事。主给我们一个命令,要彼此洗脚。到底是什么意思?我想主在这里是叫我们按他的心意去彼此服事,而不是按我们人的方法。

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