Eilat Mazar, who is the author of this article, is an Israeli archaeologist, specializing in Jerusalem and Phoenician archeology. She has worked on the Temple Mount excavations, as well as excavations at Achzib. She wrote an article titled “Excavate King David’s Palace!” in which she claims that she identified the precise spot in the City of the David in Bible Archaeology Review Jan/Feb 1997. Further excavation started in 2005, under the supports from Shalem Center Jerusalem and the Ir David Foundation.
In this article, Dr. Mazar presented her findings, by explaining how she found the wall and identified the wall as part of work by Nehemiah, the famous biblical figure. The excavation started from Large Stone Structure, which Dr. Mazar believes as wall of David’s palace and sits on the highest point of the City of David. Besides the Large Stone Structure, there is Stepped Stone Structure, which they believe is used to support the palace. An ancient tower was found at the south of where two structures connected. After dismantling the northern tower, they found two dog burials beneath it and potsherds under the dog burials. Thus they identified that the tower and the walls that extend from it both north and south as part of Nehemiah’s rebuilding of ancient Jerusalem’s city wall. Professor Edwin Yamauchi, president of the Near East Archaeological Society, said that some archaeologists feel Mazar has strong evidence to support her discoveries. "It remains to be seen whether Eilat Mazar’s claims will be upheld," he said, "but it is, I think, a very positive development."